Den siste sørstatsavdelingen overga seg etter borgerkrigen i USA. Avdelingen ble ledet av cherokee-høvding og brigadergeneral Stand Watie. Watie nektet å akseptere nederlaget etter krigen, og fortsatte krigen lenger enn noen andre... Read more ...
Den siste sørstatsavdelingen overga seg
Den siste sørstatsavdelingen overga seg etter borgerkrigen i USA. Avdelingen ble ledet av cherokee-høvding og brigadergeneral Stand Watie. Watie nektet å akseptere nederlaget etter krigen, og fortsatte krigen lenger enn noen andre sørstatsgeneraler. Han holdt hæren sin på feltfot i nesten en måned etter at de siste andre sørstatstroppene overga seg og hele 75 dager etter at general Lee overga seg til Grant ved Appomattox Court House.
Waties lille hær besto av indianere fra stammene cherokee, seminole, creek og osage. Etter krigen vendte Watie tilbake til indianerterritoriet der han fant hjemmet sitt brent av nordstatssoldater. Han døde i 1871.
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There is a lot of available reloading equipment for the black powder cartridge shooter. Much of it is for the especially interested shooters and most ordinary shooters can do without too much equipment. However, reloading equipment can be time-saving and may even enhance accuracy. This article presents some of the useful reloading equipment I use.
Published: 18. September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Model 1860 Army kammerlader, converted to metallic cartridge after Lund's system some time after 1867.
The 18 bore kammerlader rifles were continuously improved from the time the first model was adopted in 1842. In 1860 a new model was adopted. This model had several radical changes: The most important being the reduction of the calibre from 18 bore to 4''' (linjer, an old Norwegian measuring unit). Since roundballs were no longer used it served no purpose to designate the calibre in bullets per pound. 4''' equals 11.77 mm, and compared to the 18 bore rifles the calibre was reduced with 5 mm. The internals of the barrel were also changed. While the 18 bore kammerlader rifles had Krupp rifling the Model 1860 had hexagonal Whithworth rilfing. Another new feature was rifled chambers. The 4''' kammerlader is a lighter and slender firearm compared to the old models.
Both civilian and military 4''' kammerlader rifles. Civilian kammerlader rifles for the shooting societies were made from parts that were intended for the military rifles. The shooting society kammerlader rifles are distinguished by the steel buttplate and barrel bands. The Army versions had brass bands and buttplate.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the kammerlader rifles in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The following 4''' models are known:
- M/1860 4''' Army three bander (long)
- M/1860 4''' Army two bander (short)
- M/1860 4''' three bander (long) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' two bander (short) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' Navy two bander
- M/1862 4''' artillery carbine
- M/1865 4''' cavalry carbine
The short Model 1860 kammerlader rifles were equipped with yataghan style sabre bayonets similar to that of the Remington rifle. It was also basically similar to the 18 bore short rifle bayonet. The long rifles was fitted with a socket bayonet.