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6. May 1877

Sioux-høvdingen Crazy Horse overga seg til den amerikanske hæren ved Fort Robinson i Nebraska. Han var... Read more ...

Yesterday

5. May 1808

Den norske kampen mot svenskenes 3. brigade fortsatte


6. May 1877

Crazy Horse overga seg
Sioux-høvdingen Crazy Horse overga seg til den amerikanske hæren ved Fort Robinson i Nebraska. Han var blant annet en av lederne i slaget ved Little Bighorn den 25. juni 1876, da en koalisjon av sioux-, cheyenne- og arapaho-indianere slo oberstløytnant George Armstrong Custer og det 7. kavaleriregiment. Siden slaget hadde han og hans stammefrender blitt kjeppjaget av U.S. Army.

Crazy Horse ble drept av hæren den 5. september samme år. Omstendighetene rundt drapet er fremdeles omstridt. Vakthavende offiser skal kvelden før drapet ha gitt beskjed til vaktsoldatene om at han ikke ville se Crazy Horse i live neste morgen. Høvdingen ble deretter samme natt stukket ned med en bajonett og drept etter et framprovosert fluktforsøk.

5. May 1808


Den norske kampen mot svenskenes 3. brigade fortsatte
Svenskene hadde en tilsynelatende sterk stilling etter kampene dagen i forveien, særlig på grunn av en elv som syntes umulig å komme over. Men ved kaptein Butenschøns kompani var det en jeger ved navn Lars Opsal, som var født og oppvokst her. Han visste om et sted der det gikk an å komme over. Lars gikk foran, og Butenschøn og kompaniet etter, de kom over og gikk mot svenskenes høyre flanke. Dette tok litt tid, og Krebs ble utålmodig og gikk ut på veien for å se etter dem. Da begynte svenske kuler å suse rundt majoren. Han brølte da over til svenskene: «Skyter så mange på bare én mann, da?» Svenskene stoppet ilden.

Resten av jegerne hadde nå kommet seg over elva, og svenskene som nå var truet fra to kanter rømte Krok og gikk i ny stilling med forhugninger ved Jåvall, omtrent en kilometer lenger sørvest. Krebs og hans menn fulgte. De ble først avvist av svenskene, men gikk på i et nytt stormangrep og tok stillingen. Svenskene prøvde så å sette seg fast ved Åseby, bare for å bli kastet ut nok en gang. Det samme fortsatte til de kom til Slupstad, omtrent 5 km fra Ørje. Der fikk svenskene forsterkninger og satt en stund før Krebs fikk kastet dem ut herfra også. Neste stopp var helt nede ved Askerud, bare en drøy kilometer nord for Ørje. Men her var de norske soldatene så utkjørt at Krebs måtte la dem få hvile.

Om morgenen 6. mai kom det beskjed fra Christian August om at Krebs skulle trekke seg tilbake. Det skjedde i stillhet. Ingen svensker fulgte etter.


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    Featured article

      Portrait of an original Remington percussion revolver

    • Portrait of an original Remington percussion revolver

      June, 1863: As the American Civil War raged on, a newly made percussion revolver passed the gates of the E. Remington & Sons factory in the small city of Ilion, New York. Exactly 150 years after the old veteran became mine. Now it was time to bring it back to life.

    The Model 1860 Kammerlader Rifle

    Category: Norwegian kammerlader
    Published: 18. September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 12428

    Kammerlader

    Model 1860 Army kammerlader, converted to metallic cartridge after Lund's system some time after 1867.

    The 18 bore kammerlader rifles were continuously improved from the time the first model was adopted in 1842. In 1860 a new model was adopted. This model had several radical changes: The most important being the reduction of the calibre from 18 bore to 4''' (linjer, an old Norwegian measuring unit). Since roundballs were no longer used it served no purpose to designate the calibre in bullets per pound. 4''' equals 11.77 mm, and compared to the 18 bore rifles the calibre was reduced with 5 mm. The internals of the barrel were also changed. While the 18 bore kammerlader rifles had Krupp rifling the Model 1860 had hexagonal Whithworth rilfing. Another new feature was rifled chambers. The 4''' kammerlader is a lighter and slender firearm compared to the old models.

    Both civilian and military 4''' kammerlader rifles. Civilian kammerlader rifles for the shooting societies were made from parts that were intended for the military rifles. The shooting society kammerlader rifles are distinguished by the steel buttplate and barrel bands. The Army versions had brass bands and buttplate.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more about the kammerlader rifles in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    Kammerlader

    Model 1860/67 Naval kammerlader
    Landmark conversion.

    The new kammerlader rifles had a short active service, and were soon converted to fire metallic cartridges. When the metallic cartridge was adopted along with the Remington rolling block rifle in 1867, most of the Model 1860 kammerlader rifles were converted to the new calibre. Two conversion systems were used. The Army used the system of Jacob Lund and the Navy relied on the system of Jens Landmark. The conversions are called Lund's rifles and Landmark's rifles. The new calibre was decided to be 12.17 mm, and the new cartridge got the official designation '12 mm Remington' (also known as 12.17x44, 12x42, 12.17x42, 12.7x44 and similar). You can read more about this cartridge in the article about the Remington rolling block.

    Models

    The following 4''' models are known:

    • M/1860 4''' Army three bander (long)
    • M/1860 4''' Army two bander (short)
    • M/1860 4''' three bander (long) for shooting societies
    • M/1860 4''' two bander (short) for shooting societies
    • M/1860 4''' Navy two bander
    • M/1862 4''' artillery carbine
    • M/1865 4''' cavalry carbine

    Kammerlader

    Model 1860/67 Army kammerlader
    Lund's conversion. Notice the
    rimfire breech block.

    Today it is extremely rare to find an unconverted 4''' kammerlader rifle. If you find one, it is probably one of the shooting society models. The 4''' kammerlader rifles were very accurate in it time, and they performed very well in a comparativ shooting competition in Belgium in 1861.

    Bayonets

    The short Model 1860 kammerlader rifles were equipped with yataghan style sabre bayonets similar to that of the Remington rifle. It was also basically similar to the 18 bore short rifle bayonet. The long rifles was fitted with a socket bayonet.