Slaget ved Philippopolis (eller Plovdiv) ble utkjempet mellom de russiske og ottomanske imperiene i sluttfasen av den russisk-tyrkiske krig. I kjølvannet av den knusende russiske seieren ved slaget ved Shipka-passet, begynte den russiske... Read more ...
Slaget ved Philippopolis
Slaget ved Philippopolis (eller Plovdiv) ble utkjempet mellom de russiske og ottomanske imperiene i sluttfasen av den russisk-tyrkiske krig.
I kjølvannet av den knusende russiske seieren ved slaget ved Shipka-passet, begynte den russiske generalen Joseph Vladimirovich marsjen sørøstover mot Konstantinopel. På veien måtte han nedkjempe det ottomanske fortet ved Plovdiv under Suleiman Pasha.
En skvadron russiske dragoner stormet byen. Plovdiv var sterkt bemannet, men russernes tallmessige overlegenhet overveldet ottomanerne og tvang dem til å trekke seg tilbake, nesten helt til Konstantinopel. På dette tidspunktet intervenerte utenlandske stormakter, og Russland godtok en fredsavtale.
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Norway was one of the first countries in the world, perhaps even the first, which adopted a repeating bolt action rifle for the armed forces. The rifle was invented by the Norwegian engineer J. S. Jarmann, and was adopted in 1884. The rifle was modern in 1884, but already obsolete in 1894. This is the story of the Jarmann rifle.
Published: 18. September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Model 1860 Army kammerlader, converted to metallic cartridge after Lund's system some time after 1867.
The 18 bore kammerlader rifles were continuously improved from the time the first model was adopted in 1842. In 1860 a new model was adopted. This model had several radical changes: The most important being the reduction of the calibre from 18 bore to 4''' (linjer, an old Norwegian measuring unit). Since roundballs were no longer used it served no purpose to designate the calibre in bullets per pound. 4''' equals 11.77 mm, and compared to the 18 bore rifles the calibre was reduced with 5 mm. The internals of the barrel were also changed. While the 18 bore kammerlader rifles had Krupp rifling the Model 1860 had hexagonal Whithworth rilfing. Another new feature was rifled chambers. The 4''' kammerlader is a lighter and slender firearm compared to the old models.
Both civilian and military 4''' kammerlader rifles. Civilian kammerlader rifles for the shooting societies were made from parts that were intended for the military rifles. The shooting society kammerlader rifles are distinguished by the steel buttplate and barrel bands. The Army versions had brass bands and buttplate.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the kammerlader rifles in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The following 4''' models are known:
- M/1860 4''' Army three bander (long)
- M/1860 4''' Army two bander (short)
- M/1860 4''' three bander (long) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' two bander (short) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' Navy two bander
- M/1862 4''' artillery carbine
- M/1865 4''' cavalry carbine
The short Model 1860 kammerlader rifles were equipped with yataghan style sabre bayonets similar to that of the Remington rifle. It was also basically similar to the 18 bore short rifle bayonet. The long rifles was fitted with a socket bayonet.