Slaget ved Fallen Timbers var det siste slaget mellom indianerne og USA om kontrollen over Nordvestterritoriet. Striden endte med klar seier til USA, og markerte slutten på de store urolighetene i området frem til «Tecumsehs krig» og slaget ved... Read more ...
Slaget ved Fallen Timbers
Slaget ved Fallen Timbers var det siste slaget mellom indianerne og USA om kontrollen over Nordvestterritoriet. Striden endte med klar seier til USA, og markerte slutten på de store urolighetene i området frem til «Tecumsehs krig» og slaget ved Tippecanoe i 1811.
I slaget ved Fallen Timbers, som fant sted i nåværende Maumee i Ohio, møttes general «Mad» Anthony Waynes soldater fra «the Legion of the United States» en styrke shawnee- og delaware-indianerne under høvdingene Blue Jacket og Buckongahelas. Slaget endte ganske raskt. Waynes infanteri gikk til angrep med bajonetten, mens kavaleriet angrep i flankene. Indianerne flyktet til det britiskkontrollerte Fort Miami, men britene nektet å åpne portene og hjelpe i frykt for å starte en krig mot USA.
Amerikanerne brukte de neste dagene på å ødelegge indianerlandsbyer og avlinger. Wayne hadde 30 døde og 100 sårede. De hvite fant 30 døde indianere. Sannsynligvis var de reelle tapstallene langt høyere.
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The smoothbore military flintlock musket was the standard infantry firearm for hundreds of years before the percussion muskets and breech-loading rifles took over from the mid-1850s. This article shows an exploded view of a typical Norwegian-Danish musket.
Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 25. November 2007.
Click here to see my drawings of how the first models were loaded with the paper cartridge.
Find out more!
You can read more about the Norwegian chamber-loading 'kammerlader' rifles and other capping breech-loading rifles and carbines, as well as needle guns such as the Dreyse and Chassepot in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
Some counterfactual thoughts
As the chamber-loading rifles never saw any combat in its service timeframe, we actually have to imagine what had happened if it was used in the hands of soldiers in a war. If we look to other nations and their armies, Norway was far ahead of most others. One exception is Prussia which adopted von Dreyse’s 15.4 mm (.60”) needle-gun in 1841. The needle-gun, or Zündnadelgewehr as it was called in Prussia, fired a self-contained cartridge, while the chamber-loader had to be loaded with paper cartridge and loose caps. However, the needle-gun had its limitations.
In the rest of the world the muzzleloader was still extensively used. At the outbreak of the American Civil War 19 years after the adoption of the chamber-loader Norway had already improved their first chamber-loader and reduced the calibre. The Civil War was largely fought with muzzleloading rifle muskets. Would the outcome of the war have been different if one or both of the opposing parties had been armed with the Norwegian chamber-loader? Probably not. First of all, the Civil War was largely fought with outdated battle tactics from the time of the smoothbore musket. Secondly, the troops lacked marksman training.
However, an army that was trained both with the kammerlader rifle and more appropriate battle tactics would probably have had some impact in the wars that were fought with muzzleloaders. One example is the battle of Königsgrätz in 1866 when Bismarck's Prussians armed with von Dreyse's needle-guns completely overrand the Austrians that were armed with muzzleloaders.
It can be a bit difficult to get hold of a proper bullet mould for a kammerlader. I have made my own drawings and made a bullet mould that casts a replica of the Model 1855 bullet.
To the left: Paper cartridges. To the right: Bullets cast from a custom mould.
To the left: A good group shot with a M/1849/55/59 two band kammerlader. Right: Shooting a M/1849/55/59 two band kammerlader.