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26 July 1714

Trefningen ved Lindesnes med Petter Wessel Tordenskjolds i hovedrollen er et av de mest legendariske sjøslagene i norgeshistorien. Om ettermiddagen den 26. juli 1714 mellom Lindesnes og Skagen førte Wessel fregatten Løvendals Galley med 18... Read more ...

26 July 1714

Trefningen ved Lindesnes
Trefningen ved Lindesnes med Petter Wessel Tordenskjolds i hovedrollen er et av de mest legendariske sjøslagene i norgeshistorien. Om ettermiddagen den 26. juli 1714 mellom Lindesnes og Skagen førte Wessel fregatten Løvendals Galley med 18 kanoner og 100 mann under nederlandsk flagg for å unngå å varsle sine tiltenkte bytter da han så en stor fregatt under engelsk flagg nærme seg. Etter å ha passert Wessels skip, la fregatten plutselig om kursen og skjøt to skudd idet man heiste det svenske flagg. Wessel heiste da det danske flagget og vendte skipet sitt om fra dets utsatte posisjon, for så å rette en voldsom beskytning mot det større krigsskipet som viste seg å være fregatten De Olbing Galley med 28 kanoner og 90 til 150 mann. Tordenskjold hadde besluttet å ta opp striden, til tross for at hans motstander var større med flere kanoner og flere menn.

I over tre timer lå de to fregattene side om side mens kanonene skjøt salve på salve med voldsomme brak helt til ved ti-tiden om aftenen. Da mente kaptein Bactman på De Olbing Galley at nok var nok og satte alle seil til for å kom seg unna i ly av mørket. Wessel tok ikke opp forfølgelsen før han hadde fått de verste skadene reparert, men kunne da lett ta igjen den andre fregatten, som var blitt sterkt skadet etter den lange trefningen. Så kom det til et nytt sammenstøt som varte i nesten to timer til like over midnatt. Bactman mistet storråen på stormasten, men Wessel måtte likevel bryte av fordi det var forvoldt store skader som måtte repareres på hans eget skip. Uansett kunne ikke Bactman gjøre bruk av sine seil for å komme seg vekk, og Wessel kunne ta ham igjen på nytt.

Ved seks-tiden om morgenen den 27. juli 1714 barket de sammen enda en gang i et tredje sammenstøt. Dette varte i tre timer. Begge skip fikk omfattende skader. De Olbing Galley fikk flere av rærne i riggen skutt sønder og sammen, mens Løvendals Galley fikk tre grunnskudd under vannlinjen og skade på rær, master og seil. Skadene var så store at begge måtte stoppe ildgivningen en stund for å unngå at skipene skulle synke under dem. Men ingen ville gi seg. Etter flere nye timer med nødreparasjoner kom det til et fjerde sammenstøt ut på ettermiddagen.

Etter en times ny strid var endelig De Olbing Galley i ferd med å overgi seg. Akkurat i dette øyeblikket, da Wessel hadde seieren innen rekkevidde, kom sjokket da en underoffiser kom til og forklarte at de ikke hadde mer krutt, bare nok til tre–fire skudd på hver kanon. Wessel ville først entre fienden, men i vest-nord-vest vind med ustadig sjø og høye dønninger lot det ikke seg gjøre. Han måtte la den svenske fregatten få dra vekk.




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    The 12 mm Remington rolling block

    Category: Black powder cartridge
    Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25. November 2007.
    Views: 49581

    Kongsberg Remington

    Modell 1867 Remington rolling block made at Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg Armoury).

    The 12 Remington was adopted by the Norwegian Army in 1867, and it was the the first metallic cartridge weapon in our military history. The calibre was 12,17 mm or .479" and the length of the case was first 42 mm, but was later lengthened to 44 mm. The official military name of the cartridge is 12 mm Remington. When the Remingtons were sold to civilians they where most often converted to fire centrefire cartridges. The advantage with centrefire cartridges was that the shooter could reload the case numerous times.

    Find out more!
    You can read more about the Norwegian, Swedish and Danish Remington rolling block rifles and carbines in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    Husqvarna Remington

    Swedish Husqvarna Remington.

    Both Sweden and Norway used the 12 mm Remington in their armies. In Norway they were made at the Kongsberg Armoury, and these can be recognized by the crowned K markings. They also have a slightly different rear sight than the Swedish made. If you're thinking of getting yourself a Remington rolling block the cheapest would be a Swedish made. Weapons produced at Kongsberg Armoury are more expensive and are not produced in such great number as the Swedish.

    Remington

    M1867.

    In Sweden they were made at Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag, Carl Gustav stads gevärfaktorie and Stockholm Gevärsverkstad. They can be separated from each other by the markings on the right side of the receiver. The following markings where used:

    • Kongsberg: A crowned K.
    • Husqvarna: H
    • Carl Gustav: A crowned C.
    • Stockholm gevärverkstad: A crowned S.

    The first adopted Kongsberg model had these features:

    • Length: 53.15"
    • Weight: 8,8 lb.
    • Barrel length: 37,4"
    • The weapon was stocked in birch and delivered with a sabre bayonet.

    Loading the cartridges

    The first thing to do is to find all the things you need to reload a 12 mm Remington cartridge.

    • Brass cases
    • Bullets
    • Bullet lube
    • Black powder
    • Caps (magnum caps seems to work best)
    • Some sort of wad, milk carton shillings works great.
    • A plate of bees wax.

    Remington

    Cartridges and bullets.

    If you don't have loading equipment that's not a problem. The old timers didn't use it, and then we don't have to use it. But, there are die sets available for this odd calibre. I have one in 12,7x44 made by RCBS. But you can also use a .50-70 Govt. die set.

    Step 1: Make sure the gun is in a safe shooting condition.

    Step 2: Prime the case. Use a wooden hammer or something like that and tap it gently into the case.

    Step 3: Pour a pre measured or weighed charge into the case. The original charge was about 60 grains of 2F black powder. You can start a bit lower on the first shots.

    Step 4: Put one or more of the milk carton shillings over the powder. It's important not to have any air between the powder and the bullet. If there is an air gap the gun can blow up! If you're using a small charge you'll have to build up the remaining space with the carton shillings. They also help scarping out fouling in the bore.

    Remington

    Accuracy at 50 metres.

    Step 5: Take the case muzzle and press it over the bees wax plate. Then you will have a wax shilling that fits exactly in the case. The wax helps keeping the fouling soft and gives better accuracy. This step is not necessary, and can be left out. To prevent the wax shilling sticking to the bullet in flight I use another carton shilling or a thin newspaper shilling over the wax.

    Step 6: Put a pre-lubed on top of the charge. Mind the air gap! The original lube was a sheep tallow/bees wax mix, but there are plenty of other bullet lube variations. It doesn't matter if the bullet is loose in the case, you just have to be careful when you're carrying it. The accuracy won't suffer from it. The cartridge is now ready to be fired.

    After shooting

    • Remove the caps.
    • Wash the cases in soapy water
    • Clean the gun and oil it.

    Bayonets

    Kongsberg sabre bayonet (Norwegian).
    Husqvarna sabre bayonet

    Kongsberg sabre bayonet (above)
    and Swedish sabre bayonet.

    All the Norwegian Remingtons was fitted with at yatagan style sword bayonet. The Swedish Army's rifles was fitted with a socket bayonet, while the Swedish Navy's rifles were fitted with a sword bayonet. The Swedish sword bayonet was quite similar to the Norwegian, but there are some minor differences. The Norwegian sword bayonet was similar to the one that was used on the 4''' kammerlader rifles.