The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was an agreement made in 1898 that involved Spain relinquishing nearly all of the remaining Spanish Empire, especially Cuba, and ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. The cession of the... Read more ...
Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was an agreement made in 1898 that involved Spain relinquishing nearly all of the remaining Spanish Empire, especially Cuba, and ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. The cession of the Philippines involved a payment of $20 million from the United States to Spain. The treaty was signed on this day in 1898, and ended the Spanish–American War. The Treaty of Paris came into effect on April 11, 1899, when the documents of ratification were exchanged.
The Treaty of Paris marked the end of the Spanish Empire (apart from some small holdings in North Africa). It marked the beginning of the age of the United States as a world power. Many supporters of the war opposed the treaty, and it became one of the major issues in the election of 1900 when it was opposed by Democrat William Jennings Bryan because he opposed imperialism. Republican President William McKinley upheld the treaty and was easily reelected.
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Flints that have become dull and doesn\'t produce sparks anymore does not have to be thrown away. Here is a simple way to sharpen a dull flint. There are several methods of sharpening flints. You really don\'t have to use any special tools. This article shows you how to sharpen a dull flint.
Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 25. November 2007.
Modell 1867 Remington rolling block made at Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg Armoury).
The 12 Remington was adopted by the Norwegian Army in 1867, and it was the the first metallic cartridge weapon in our military history. The calibre was 12,17 mm or .479" and the length of the case was first 42 mm, but was later lengthened to 44 mm. The official military name of the cartridge is 12 mm Remington. When the Remingtons were sold to civilians they where most often converted to fire centrefire cartridges. The advantage with centrefire cartridges was that the shooter could reload the case numerous times.
Find out more!
You can read more about the Norwegian, Swedish and Danish Remington rolling block rifles and carbines in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
- Kongsberg: A crowned K.
- Husqvarna: H
- Carl Gustav: A crowned C.
- Stockholm gevärverkstad: A crowned S.
The first adopted Kongsberg model had these features:
- Length: 53.15"
- Weight: 8,8 lb.
- Barrel length: 37,4"
- The weapon was stocked in birch and delivered with a sabre bayonet.
Loading the cartridges
The first thing to do is to find all the things you need to reload a 12 mm Remington cartridge.
- Brass cases
- Bullet lube
- Black powder
- Caps (magnum caps seems to work best)
- Some sort of wad, milk carton shillings works great.
- A plate of bees wax.
Step 1: Make sure the gun is in a safe shooting condition.
Step 2: Prime the case. Use a wooden hammer or something like that and tap it gently into the case.
Step 3: Pour a pre measured or weighed charge into the case. The original charge was about 60 grains of 2F black powder. You can start a bit lower on the first shots.
Step 4: Put one or more of the milk carton shillings over the powder. It's important not to have any air between the powder and the bullet. If there is an air gap the gun can blow up! If you're using a small charge you'll have to build up the remaining space with the carton shillings. They also help scarping out fouling in the bore.
Step 6: Put a pre-lubed on top of the charge. Mind the air gap! The original lube was a sheep tallow/bees wax mix, but there are plenty of other bullet lube variations. It doesn't matter if the bullet is loose in the case, you just have to be careful when you're carrying it. The accuracy won't suffer from it. The cartridge is now ready to be fired.
- Remove the caps.
- Wash the cases in soapy water
- Clean the gun and oil it.