It was decided to equip the Norwegian line infantry and light troops should be equipped with kammerlader rifles. The same day, the 18 bore (lødig) kammerlader Model 1849 was adopted. The guns were manufactured in Norway by the Kongsberg Arms... Read more ...
The Kammerlader became general issue
It was decided to equip the Norwegian line infantry and light troops should be equipped with kammerlader rifles. The same day, the 18 bore (lødig) kammerlader Model 1849 was adopted. The guns were manufactured in Norway by the Kongsberg Arms Factory, by A. Francotte in Liege, Belgium and Crause in Herzberg in present-day Germany. Production in Norway started in 1850 after the production of Model 1846 was finished. Model 1846 and 1849 are fairly similar, and only minor details and markings distinguish them.
As a result, the Norwegian Army's armament was among the most modern in the mid-1800s. Only Prussia, who equipped their troops with von Dreyse's needle gun, was a few steps ahead. However, Norway was the first equipped the entire line infantry with breech-loading firearms.
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If you plan to hunt with your black powder rifle it is important to test how the bullets you are going to use act. This article describes a simple test of black powder hunting bullets, and gives some insight in how the bullets react on impact when they hit an animal.
Published: 5. December 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
The ten kilos were sent to me because I’m the owner of a Shotmaker. When making bismuth shot I used the same setups as I normally use when making lead shot. The bismuth we bought was 99.98 % pure, so the quality should be good enough.
Bismuth has a lower melting point compared to lead. While lead melts at 621.50 °F (327.5 °C) bismuth only needs 520.34 °F (271.3 °C) to melt. The test with the ten kilos of bismuth shows that it is possible to make good quality bismuth shot in the Shotmaker. The shot appeared to be just as good as the lead shot the Shotmaker spits out, perhaps even better.
Find out more!
You can learn more about muzzle-loading and black powder cartridge shotguns and shotmaking in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
Of problems, the following can be noted:
It is possible that making the shot in a less windy condition would have solved this problem. When the temperature began dropping during the night I set up a provisional windbreak and put a homemade lid on the ladle. This seemed to help a bit. It is possible that it simply was too cold for the Shotmaker to function optimal as wind cools down the heating elements in the Shotmaker.
For more information about making shot, see the article about the Shotmaker.