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1. July 1863

Slaget ved Gettysburg var et av de blodigste slagene i den amerikanske borgerkrigen og har blitt ansett som... Read more ...

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30. June 1643

Rojalistene seiret ved Adwalton Moor


1. July 1863

Slaget ved Gettysburg begynte
Slaget ved Gettysburg var et av de blodigste slagene i den amerikanske borgerkrigen og har blitt ansett som vendepunktet i krigen. Det stod ved byen Gettysburg, Pennsylvania mellom den 1. juli og 3. juli 1863.

De to hærene støtte første gang sammen like nord for byen, hvor kavaleri fra nordstatene forsøkte å forsvare noen høydedrag. Kavaleriet fikk etterhvert støtte fra to korps, men to store korps fra sørstatene angrep nordstatenes linjer fra nord og nordøst. Nordstatenes forsvarslinjer sto ikke imot dette angrepet og troppene måtte flykte gjennom byen og opp på noen åser like sør for byen.

Neste morgen hadde store deler av begge hærene blitt samlet i og rundt Gettysburg. Nordstatene hadde plassert styrkene langs høydedragene sør for byen, slik at frontlinjene fikk form av en fiskekrok. Gjennom hele dagen ble nordstatenes stillinger angrepet, men til tross for store tap holdt linjene stand.

Tredje dag, den 3. juli 1863, fortsatte kampene langs hele linjen. Hovedslaget sto imidlertid ved senteret av nordstatenes linjer, hvor sørstatsstyrkene forsøkte et siste fremstøt for å bryte gjennom linjene. Sørstatene sendte 12 500 infanterister 1 600 meter over åpent landskap under kraftig beskytning fra artilleri mot nordstatenes styrker som hadde bygget opp et forsvarsverk av steiner og kvister. Sørstatsstyrkene led store tap da de kom frem til nordstatenes linjer og selv om deler av nordstatenes linjer brøt sammen klarte ikke sørstatsstyrkene å bryte gjennom. Dette angrepet har i ettertid fått navnet Pickett's Charge, etter en av sørstatenes generaler i angrepet.

I løpet av de tre dagene slaget varte ble ca. 7 800 drept og ca. 27 000 skadet, slaget var med dette det slaget med størst tap i løpet av den amerikanske borgerkrigen. I tillegg omkom en sivil jente etter at hun ble truffet av et bomskudd da hun sto og bakte brød på kjøkkenet.

30. June 1643


Rojalistene seiret ved Adwalton Moor
Slaget ved Adwalton Moor sto ved Birkenshaw i Yorkshire under den første fasen av den engelske borgerkrigen. Rojalistene under William Cavendish, hertug av Newcastle, som hadde en mer enn dobbelt så stor styrke som parlamentarianerne under Ferdinando Fairfax, 2. baron av Cameron, seiret i slaget. Dette medførte at rojalistene kontrollerte det meste av Yorkshire.


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      The Jarmann rifle - part 3 - The Swedish Jarmann

    • The Jarmann rifle - part 3 - The Swedish Jarmann

      Part three in the series about the Jarmann rifle focuses on the Swedish three-band naval Jarmann. This rifle is one of 1000 that were manufactured for the Swedish navy in 1883 and is quite similar to the one issued to the Norwegian army.

    Make Your Own Lead Shot

    Category: Shotgun
    Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25. November 2007.
    Views: 66031

    Shotmaker Shotmaker

    Shotmaker and shot.

    The Norwegian prohibition against using lead shot is effective from 01.01.2005. However, the Norwegian Black Powder Union and Scandinavian Western Shooters have gotten an exemption from the ban due to the fact that these organisations are using shotguns that in many instances are old and cannot handle steel shot safely. The access to lead shot will most certainly decrease after January 2005 and the prices will rise. The solution for us black powder shooters can be to make our own lead or bismuth shot.

    Find out more!
    You can read more making shot, as well as loading black powder shotshells and muzzle-loading shotguns in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    The Shotmaker

    Traditionally lead shot have been made in high shot towers. The shotmakers melted the lead up in the tower and poured it through a sieve. The lead drops transformed into relatively round shot in the air because of the surface tension. On the ground they hit a container filled with water that cooled the shot and prevented it from deforming.

    From the USA many have known the machine called the “Shotmaker”. The machine goes by the immodest name “Littleton's Incredible Shotmaker” and is named after the inventor Jerry Littleton from Oroville, California. Littleton has now sold the business to Alan and Michael Burgess from Moses Lake, Washington. Their company is named Burgess Bullets. Burgess Bullets have improved the shotmaker quite a lot and the machine has become more user friendly. The Shotmaker comes in two versions: The Model 65 with 7 drippers and the Model 135 with 14 drippers.

    Shotmaker Shotmaker

    Shotmaker.

    The Shotmaker is constructed of powder-coated steel, both models feature cooling vents, high temperature connectors; Teflon insulated wires, and 15 amp safety fuses. Each model comes with seven drippers for each ladle, and additional size drippers are available for less than $50 per set of seven. The dippers are available in sizes from US #6 to #9. I recently bought a Model 65 shotmaker from Burgess Bullets. The price was $375. Production rate for the Model 65 is as much as 45 pounds per hour, and if you have the Model 135 it's possible to drip two different shot sizes at the same time, if desired.

    When you operate the Shotmaker you simply turn on the machine and put some bars of cleaned wheel weight lead in the ladle. Clean lead is important because lead with dirt in it can clog up the dippers. It also important to remember that pure lead is too soft to make quality shot.

    Shotmaker Shotmaker

    The Shotmaker in action.

    When the lead melts it drips though the dippers, then hit a small ramp and drops into your selected coolant fluid. I have used DOT 3 brake fluid as a coolant and that works perfect. If you use plain water as a coolant the shot will be out of round. You can also use a mix of water and water soluble oil, a mix of water and liquid soap or flame retardant hydraulic oil as a coolant. Afterwards the shot should be cleaned in soapy water to get rid of the coolant fluids. Not a big problem if you use liquid soap as a coolant though. Just rinse it with water a couple of times.

    The Shotmaker produces very uniform and round shot and it should be more than good enough for most shooters. If you tumble them in graphite powder you probably wouldn’t be able to see the difference if you compared them to factory lead shot. I and a couple of my friends have tried the shot and it works really great. Nice patterns in both front and backstuffers. Who needs a 120 foot high shot tower when you can have a Shotmaker?

    Visit the Burgess Bullets home page and learn more about the Shotmaker

    Note: The author of this article has no connection whatsoever to the makers of the Shotmaker, nor does he sell them.