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21 January 1793

Kong Ludvig den 16. av Frankrike ble giljotinert på Place de la Révolution (nåværende Place de la Concorde) i Paris. Nasjonalkonventet kjente ham skyldig for landssvik med 683 stemmer av 721 den 15. januar 1793. Dagen etter ble han dømt til... Read more ...

21 January 1793

Ludvig den 16. ble giljotinert
Kong Ludvig den 16. av Frankrike ble giljotinert på Place de la Révolution (nåværende Place de la Concorde) i Paris. Nasjonalkonventet kjente ham skyldig for landssvik med 683 stemmer av 721 den 15. januar 1793. Dagen etter ble han dømt til døden med 361 stemmer mot 360.

Den avsatte kongen opptrådte med stor verdighet under rettssaken, og selv om han var resignert var han var fremdeles verdig da han steg opp på skafottet. Han holdt en kort tale der han tilga «... de som er årsaken til min død ...» Han erklærte seg deretter uskyldig for det han var anklaget for og uttrykte håp om at blodet hans ikke skulle falle tilbake på Frankrike. Mange øyenvitner mener at den dødsdømte kongen ønsket å si mer, men general Antoine-Joseph Santerre fra Nasjonalgarden avbrøt ham med en trommevirvel. Kongen ble deretter raskt giljotinert.




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    Featured article

      The 12 mm Remington rolling block

    • The 12 mm Remington rolling block

      This article deals with the Norwegian and Swedish Remington rolling block rifle. The Remington rolling block is an American design, but was adopted by the two Scandinavian armies in 1867. The calibre was 12 mm Remington, also known as 12,17x44, 12,17x42, 12,7x44, 12,7x42 or 4\'\'\'. Read this article to find out more about the history and the practical use.

    Make your own drop tube stand

    Category: Miscellaneous
    Published: 7. September 2014 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 4017


    The video shows the three different methods for compressing black powder, as well as how you can make a drop tube stand.

    A drop tube is used for compressing black powder loads.

    A drop tube is used for compressing black powder loads.

    The drawing shows how a stand can be made.

    The drawing shows how a stand can be made.

    The difference between a compressed (right) and not compressed load.

    The difference between a compressed (right) and not compressed charge.

    Alternatively you can make one of these stands.

    Alternatively you can make one of these stands.

    In order to load match-grade black powder cartridges it is important to compress the powder. This allows for more powder in the case, as well as improved combustion and accuracy. There are several methods for compressing black powder, but pouring the powder through a long drop tube is one of the simplest and best methods – especially if you mechanically compress it afterwards. This article shows how you can make a sturdy drop tube stand with simple tools.

    To make a drop tube stand you need a couple of wood boards and two eye screws, in addition to a saw, a hand drill and files. The eyes of the screw must be large enough to accept the drop tube.

    As seen from the drawing, one of the boards is made into a drop tube holder, while the other serves as a base. You can of course glue or otherwise fix the two parts together, but you save storage space by dismantling the stand after use. The two parts are fitted together through a rectangular opening in the bas the matches the drop tube holder.

    The drop tube holder is approximately 13in high. A bevel edge allows you to remove cases without bumping into the stand and also makes room for a loading block. Make the bottom end rectangular. This piece will later be fitted into the base. The height of the shape is identical to the height of the base.

    Screw the eye screws into the front of the drop tube holder; one at the top and one just before the bevel. To prevent the wood from cracking, pre-drill holes before mounting the screws.

    The base is simply a rectangular shaped piece of wood. Make sure it is perfectly level. Draw the outline of the drop tube holder's base. To make the rectangular opening, use a drill and mill out as much wood as you can before finishing the shape with a file.

    The drop tube stand is now practically done. Find a drop tube and insert it through the eye screws.

    To adjust the height of the tube, thread an O-ring on the tube and rest it against the uppermost eye screw. A rubber band or similar does the job as well.

    I use a loading tube from Pedersoli that I use for loading muzzle-loading rifles. Similar tubes can be made from copper, aluminum, brass or similar. To avoid powder spillage the tube should have a funnel at the top.

    Download illustrated instructions here. The measurements are not critical, but make sure the stand is stable.

    But does this method work? Yes, it does! Take a look at the picture to the right that shows two identical 70 grain loads of Swiss #4. The load to the left is weighed and poured directly from the weight into the vial, while the load to the left is weighed and dropped through and 28in (63.5 cm) drop tube. The difference is approximately 0.5mm/.020 in. The vial is .40in/10.16mm in diameter.