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27. July 1872

Aftenposten beskriver møtet mellom en jeger bevæpnet med tapprifle og en bjørn: «[Jægeren] havde en... Read more ...

Yesterday

26. July 1714

Trefningen ved Lindesnes


27. July 1872

Møte mellom tapprifle og bjørn
Aftenposten beskriver møtet mellom en jeger bevæpnet med tapprifle og en bjørn:

«[Jægeren] havde en gammel Taprifle hos sig, og skjønt den var i miserabel Stand og ladet med en Kugle, der ikke passede i Løbet, men var udforet med Filler etc. saa traf han dog Bamsen med et udmærket Skud. Kuglen gik ind i munden og ud igjen og derpaa atter in i Brystet. Efer at have modtaget denne Hilsen gjorden den helt om, sprang ca. 50 Alen og falt død om.»

26. July 1714


Trefningen ved Lindesnes
Trefningen ved Lindesnes med Petter Wessel Tordenskjolds i hovedrollen er et av de mest legendariske sjøslagene i norgeshistorien. Om ettermiddagen den 26. juli 1714 mellom Lindesnes og Skagen førte Wessel fregatten Løvendals Galley med 18 kanoner og 100 mann under nederlandsk flagg for å unngå å varsle sine tiltenkte bytter da han så en stor fregatt under engelsk flagg nærme seg. Etter å ha passert Wessels skip, la fregatten plutselig om kursen og skjøt to skudd idet man heiste det svenske flagg. Wessel heiste da det danske flagget og vendte skipet sitt om fra dets utsatte posisjon, for så å rette en voldsom beskytning mot det større krigsskipet som viste seg å være fregatten De Olbing Galley med 28 kanoner og 90 til 150 mann. Tordenskjold hadde besluttet å ta opp striden, til tross for at hans motstander var større med flere kanoner og flere menn.

I over tre timer lå de to fregattene side om side mens kanonene skjøt salve på salve med voldsomme brak helt til ved ti-tiden om aftenen. Da mente kaptein Bactman på De Olbing Galley at nok var nok og satte alle seil til for å kom seg unna i ly av mørket. Wessel tok ikke opp forfølgelsen før han hadde fått de verste skadene reparert, men kunne da lett ta igjen den andre fregatten, som var blitt sterkt skadet etter den lange trefningen. Så kom det til et nytt sammenstøt som varte i nesten to timer til like over midnatt. Bactman mistet storråen på stormasten, men Wessel måtte likevel bryte av fordi det var forvoldt store skader som måtte repareres på hans eget skip. Uansett kunne ikke Bactman gjøre bruk av sine seil for å komme seg vekk, og Wessel kunne ta ham igjen på nytt.

Ved seks-tiden om morgenen den 27. juli 1714 barket de sammen enda en gang i et tredje sammenstøt. Dette varte i tre timer. Begge skip fikk omfattende skader. De Olbing Galley fikk flere av rærne i riggen skutt sønder og sammen, mens Løvendals Galley fikk tre grunnskudd under vannlinjen og skade på rær, master og seil. Skadene var så store at begge måtte stoppe ildgivningen en stund for å unngå at skipene skulle synke under dem. Men ingen ville gi seg. Etter flere nye timer med nødreparasjoner kom det til et fjerde sammenstøt ut på ettermiddagen.

Etter en times ny strid var endelig De Olbing Galley i ferd med å overgi seg. Akkurat i dette øyeblikket, da Wessel hadde seieren innen rekkevidde, kom sjokket da en underoffiser kom til og forklarte at de ikke hadde mer krutt, bare nok til tre–fire skudd på hver kanon. Wessel ville først entre fienden, men i vest-nord-vest vind med ustadig sjø og høye dønninger lot det ikke seg gjøre. Han måtte la den svenske fregatten få dra vekk.


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      Sharpening Dull Flints

    • Sharpening Dull Flints

      Flints that have become dull and doesn\'t produce sparks anymore does not have to be thrown away. Here is a simple way to sharpen a dull flint. There are several methods of sharpening flints. You really don\'t have to use any special tools. This article shows you how to sharpen a dull flint.

    Rifle musket and Minié Ball

    Category: Muzzle-loading
    Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 24. November 2007.
    Views: 34511

    .58 calibre Springfield rifle musket.

    .58 calibre Springfield rifle musket.

    By the time the smoke had cleared and the veterans headed back to their homes, the American Civil War (1861-1865) had exacted a terrible human cost. In four long years of bloody fighting, half a million of the three million men and boys in blue and grey had been wounded in combat. Two hundred thousand others had been killed. The cause of 90% of the losses is said to be the minié ball. The two brothers in arms, the rifled musket and the minié ball, should trigger one of the greatest changes of battle tactics of all time. Too many officers carried on the Napoleonic era battlefield tactics and thus spilled the chances of obvious victories with the superior weapons. Also, poorly trained recruits didn't have the knowledge to take advantage of the minié ball and rifled musket's deadly potential.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more about the history and use of the rifle musket and Minié ball in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    Minié

    Expanding bullets.

    The ball is named after the French Captain Claude Etienne Minié who participated in the development of the ball. The minié ball is a undersized conical with a hollow base made to slip down the barrel quite easily. Wrapped in a paper cartridge which contained both the powder and ball it could be loaded at high speed without having to literally hammer the bullet down the bore which was common when using oversized conicals and patched roundballs. When the powder charge went off the bullet's sides, or skirt, expanded and made the bullet grip the rifling. The result was a muzzleloading rifle with great accuracy that could be loaded at high speed.

    Most original muskets have a special progressive depth rifling. The grooves were deeper at the breech area and became shallower towards the muzzle. Usually .015" deep in the breech and .005" towards the muzzle. Unfortunately, very few replica musket manufacturers rifle their musket barrels this way today. Parker Hale in Birmingham, England made Enfield replicas with progressive depth rifling, but the machinery is now sold to Italy. I don't know if the quality of the Italian replicas are as good as the Birmingham Parker Hales.

    Enfield muskets

    Two Enfield muskets

    If you have a "normal" replica rifle musket you should be able to put 5 shots in a 1,5" group at 100 yards. You should then pick a bullet that is about .002-.001" under the land diameter of the barrel. I'll use my Armi Sport .58 calibre 1861 Springfield musket as an example: It measured .581" across the lands. Then I had to have a minié bullet that had a .580" diameter. You'll notice that most of the moulds available has a diameter that ranges from .575" to .578". If you need a larger diameter you'll have to special order a largerr one or somehow enlarge the cavity.

    Finding the Right Powder Charge

    Martini-Henry

    Lubricated minié balls.

    If you have a minié ball of the right diameter you're on your way to get some acceptable accuracy. Warning: the work of finding the best charge could take ages! A charge of 55 grains can shoot great while a 56 or 54 grains charge can open the group considerably. I use to start with a low charge and build my way up with a .5 grain increasement. 2F or 3F? Well, it all depends on what your musket likes. The original US charge was about 60 grains black powder and the UK Enfield charge was 70 grains. I have never experienced that a musket has performed well with at normal minié bullet with charges over 80 grains. The reason for this is that the skirts get blown which affects accuracy.

    Minié

    Accuracy.

    Minié

    Replacement sight.

    Start some place in the 35 grains range with 3F and 40 grains for 2F. It could take some time before you get the 1,5" group at 100 yards, but at he end it's worth it. Shoot from a bench rest and remember that it doesn't matter where on the paper the bullets hit as long as they are grouped. Sights can be adjusted later. I prefer to start the shooting at 100 yards because some loads will shot great at 50 yards but lousy at 100. Never a problem the opposite way though. Another important factor to consider is the bullet lube. It's purpose is to keep the fouling soft and lubricate the bore. Tallow and bees wax was the original lube, and that also works ok today. My Springfield shoots best with T/C Bore Butter. It is kind of sticky and slick, but I have not found anything that works better. If the fouling gets hard it is about time to consider a new lube. I use to feel with a finger in the bore after each shot, and then the fouling should be soft. On hot, dry days har fouling could be a problem, but if you wait a little longer between each shot it should work itself out. Some like to put grease in the base of the bullet, some do not like it. I prefer lube in the base, but not a single gun likes the same thing it seems. Here are 5 points that you should follow to get the best accuracy with a minié ball:

    • Weigh your bullets to +/- one half grain.
    • Weigh your powder to +/- .1 grain.
    • Be consistent in what you're doing. Do everything exactly the same.
    • Use powder and caps from the same lot.
    • Cast your bullets from pure lead.