Kong Cetshwayo, den siste store herskeren i Zululand, ble tatt til fange av britene etter zuluenes nederlag i... Read more ...
27. August 1864
Zulukongen Cetshwayo ble tatt til fange
Kong Cetshwayo, den siste store herskeren i Zululand, ble tatt til fange av britene etter zuluenes nederlag i zulukrigen i Sør-Afrika. Zuluene vant en stor seier over britene ved Isandlwana i januar 1879, men led et endelig nederlag ved Ulundi 4. juli samme år.
Cetshwayo ble sendt i eksil, først til Cape Town og deretter til London. Han returnerte til Zululand i 1883.
«Kreaturer» forgiftet av bly fra skyting
Adressebladet meldte at bly fra skyting forgiftet gressende storfe i Larvik. For å bøte på dette ble det anbefalt å sette opp kulefangere. Her er notisen i sin helhet:
Tidligere er omtalt, at Kreature ere blevne forgiftede af at græsse paa Steder, hvor Skiveskydning foregaar, herved at Dyrene under Havningen have taget til sig Splinter af Kuglerne, som fandtes spredte om i Græsset. Til Forebyggelse af Fare i denne Retning kan maaske ansees tjenligt at anskaffe Skiver af Konstruktion som den af Hr. I. Steen opfundne, der gaar under Navn af Kuglesamleren" og findes beskrevet i Skyttertidenden. At benytte saadanne Skiver sparede desuden visstnok Landet rundt mange Skippund Bly om Aaret.
Samme avis melder også om bjørneproblemer i Trøndelag:
Flere Bjørne have i forrige Uge været at se tilfjelds i Levangers og Skogns Almindinger, uden at de endnu skal have anrettet anden Skade end nedlagt et Par Sauer. Det er saaledes at forvente, at vore raske og dyktige Skytter ville tage sig denne Notis til Indtægt jo før jo heller.
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In the mid 1850s the Norwegian Army and Navy was armed with a very modern rifle that few contemporary armies could match. In Norway this weapon was called the \"kammerlader\" og \"chamber-loader\". In this article you can read more about the history of the kammerlader and its practical use.
Published: 15. October 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 15. November 2008.
Many Norwegian black powder shooters have an old kammerlader lying around. If it is in good condition you can shoot it, but it may prove difficult to obtain proper bullets.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the Norwegian kammerlader rifles and their ammunition in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The original conical bullets
Conical bullet and cartridge used
by sharpshooters from 1849-1855.
You can ask yourself why a bullet that was supposed to be paper patched had grooves, unlike, for example, the smooth sided British paper patched Pritchett bullet that was used in the .577 Enfield muskets. The idea behind the grooves was not that they should be used as lubrication grooves, or grooves for scraping out powder fouling. A woollen thread was used to secure the patching paper to the bullet, but the thread was not tied in the grooves. Instead the thread was tied once in front of the nose and then behind the bullet. A lubricated thread in the grooves would probably have provided better lubrication than just the lubricated paper, but that's easy for us to say that can lean on 150 years of experience with the kammerlader. The explanation is probably that the grooves, or 'air grooves' as they were called, were supposed to move the weight of the bullet forward. By removing a lead by making the grooves it was tried to stabilise the bullet more in addition to the rotation stabilisation.
To the left: Copy of the sharpshooter bullet from 1849, and to the right
an original bullet of the type that was used from 1855.
The kammerlader bullets todayhttp://www.vapenmek.no/produkter/stopetang.htm or call +47 75 51 83 22.
I copied an original Model 1855 bullet and sent drawings to both Lee Presicion and NEI Handtools which both made moulds for me. The Lee moulds are of course made of aluminum, while the NEI moulds are manufactured in meehanite, which NEI describe as 'a very dense, free machining cast iron alloy'. I have had good results with these bullets, and there are about 50 of these moulds in circulation among Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch and American kammerlader shooters.