It was decided to equip the Norwegian line infantry and light troops should be equipped with kammerlader rifles. The same day, the 18 bore (lødig) kammerlader Model 1849 was adopted. The guns were manufactured in Norway by the Kongsberg Arms... Read more ...
The Kammerlader became general issue
It was decided to equip the Norwegian line infantry and light troops should be equipped with kammerlader rifles. The same day, the 18 bore (lødig) kammerlader Model 1849 was adopted. The guns were manufactured in Norway by the Kongsberg Arms Factory, by A. Francotte in Liege, Belgium and Crause in Herzberg in present-day Germany. Production in Norway started in 1850 after the production of Model 1846 was finished. Model 1846 and 1849 are fairly similar, and only minor details and markings distinguish them.
As a result, the Norwegian Army's armament was among the most modern in the mid-1800s. Only Prussia, who equipped their troops with von Dreyse's needle gun, was a few steps ahead. However, Norway was the first equipped the entire line infantry with breech-loading firearms.
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The 10.15 x 61 cartridge for which the Jarmann rifle was chambered for was also used in numerous civilian firearms, for example, rifles made by Lars Hansen Hagen and Hans Larsen. This article deals with the reloading and shooting of the Jarmann rifle and the 10,15 x 61 cartridge.
The web is full of informative and interesting videos on black powder shooting, firearms and accessories. This article has collected a few slow motion videos from YouTube that you might find interesting, such as a paper patched bullet exiting the muzzle of a Gibbs rifle.
Have you ever wondered why the nipples of your Whitworth, Volunteer or Gibbs rifle are quickly eroded? Muzzleloading rifles that are used for long range or the Whitworth event in MLAIC competitions often have a patent breech of a smaller diameter in the bottom of the barrel. This 'reversed bottleneck' or powder chamber causes higher pressures compared to straight bored barrels, and a regular steel nipple can be eroded in as little as ten shots. The pressures increase when shooting fine grade powder and heavy bullets. A solution is to get a platinum lined nipple that normally last thousands of shots. The video shows the hammer being forced back by the gas pressure.
Paper patched bullets are fun to shoot. The paper is supposed to leave the bullet as the bullet exits the muzzle. Some shooters think that something is wrong when the paper is shredded to confetti, but this video indicates that the paper completely surround the bullet when the bullet leave the muzzle and the paper starts to separate from the bullet as it spins out of the bore. Fascinating.
Another slow motion video showing a .72 calibre Pedersoli Kodiak muzzleloading double rifle being fired. The ignition time seems slow, but at normal speed it will not be visible to the human eye.
The Muzzle Loaders Associations International Committee is the world governing body for muzzle loading shooting. The 25th MLAIC World Championships was held this year in Germany this summer, and this video from Hungarian competitor Balázs Nemeth gives a fine overview of the championships – both the people and the shooting.