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23 February 1836

Den 13 dager lange beleiringen av Alamo ble innledet under revolusjonen i Texas i 1836. Da speidere fra den texanske garnisonen i San Antonio oppdaget den mexicanske hærens fremrykkende kavaleri, beordret oberstløytnant William Barret Travis en... Read more ...

23 February 1836

Beleiringen av Alamo begynte
Den 13 dager lange beleiringen av Alamo ble innledet under revolusjonen i Texas i 1836. Da speidere fra den texanske garnisonen i San Antonio oppdaget den mexicanske hærens fremrykkende kavaleri, beordret oberstløytnant William Barret Travis en tilbaketrekning til den gamle misjonsstasjonen Alamo. Resten av den mexicanske styrken ankom etter hvert, og besto av en blanding av regulære infanteri- og kavaleri-enheter. De var utstyrt med britiske Baker-rifler og Brown Bess-musketter.

Under et forhandlingsmøte med den mexicanske obersten Juan Almonte ble texanerne beordret til å overgi seg eller bli drept. Travis svarte med et kanonskudd fra garnisonens 18 punder.

Fiendtlighetene mellom Mexico og opprørere i Texas begynte med slaget ved Gonzales 1. oktober 1835. Etter at general Martín Perfecto de Cos overga seg til texanerne ved San Antonio var det ikke lenger noe meksikansk militært nærvær i Texas. Den meksikanske presidenten Antonio López de Santa Anna bestemte seg derfor for å sette i gang en offensiv med mål om å slå ned opprøret. Mange av opprørerne hadde amerikansk bakgrunn, men opprøret ble også støttet av mange lokale mexicanere kalt tejanos.

Oberstløytnant William Barret Travis kommanderte Texas' regulære hærstyrker ved Alamo. Forskjellige andre menn var også blitt samlet for å hjelpe til i forsvaret, inkludert et antall uoffisielle frivillige under kommando av Jim Bowie. Travis og Bowie kranglet ofte om kommando og autoritet, men ettersom Bowies helse skrantet, tok Travis hele kommandoen..

Forsvarerne av Alamo kom fra 28 forskjellige land og stater. Fra Tennessee kom en liten gruppe frivillige ledet av den tidligere kongressmannen og legenden Davy Crockett. Den tolv mann store gruppen «Tennessee Mounted Volunteers» ankom Alamo 8. februar. En annen gruppe, «New Orleans Greys», kom for å kjempe som fotsoldater i revolusjonen.




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    Featured article

      Useful Reloading Equipment

    • Useful Reloading Equipment

      There is a lot of available reloading equipment for the black powder cartridge shooter. Much of it is for the especially interested shooters and most ordinary shooters can do without too much equipment. However, reloading equipment can be time-saving and may even enhance accuracy. This article presents some of the useful reloading equipment I use.

    Jeff Tanner's powder dispenser

    Category: Miscellaneous
    Published: 10. June 2011 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 10792

    Dispenser
    Dispenser med flaske

    Jeff Tanner's powder dispenser.

    From time to time you stumble across things you can't manage without. One of my things is Jeff Tanner's powder dispenser. It's simple, cheap, and best of all: it's incredibly time-saving. I've used mine for a couple of years now, and my old Lyman No. 55 is used less and less.

    You can easily bring the dispenser to the range, or move it around in your house and attach it to, for example, a table. On the range it is handy for filling the phials that MLAIC shooters use (it is not allowed to fill powder directly from a flask or powder horn).

    A simple device

    The dispenser consists of a light plastic moulding with a spring-loaded aluminium cut off. On the back it has a clamp attached to it, thus making it easy to fasten the dispenser on a table, a plank or to the shooting bench. A plastic bottle filled with powder is screwed on top of the moulding. The bottles come in two sizes: small and large. I'd advise you to buy a couple of bottles to make sure you can bring different granulations to the range. I also carry a bottle of semolina for measuring fillers for cap & ball revolvers.

    But how does it work? Tanners powder dispenser is a dispenser – not a measure. It lacks a measuring device, but is meant to be used with the adjustable powder measures most black powder shooters carry. The dispenser makes sure that the correct amount of powder is dispensed into the measure.

    Consistency

    But is it consistent? The answer is yes. And no. It's accurate as long as the powder volume in the bottle is about the same, but when it starts to empty it throws slightly lighter charges. I'm known to be very particular about powder weights though, and you probably won't care about the difference.

    See how the dispenser works in the video below.

    Disadvantages

    What about disadvantages? There are some. You may experience some powder leakage from the cut off. Because of this, the cut off mechanism chokes from time to time, especially with the larger granulations. However, this is a device I cannot manage without. I still use my Lyman No. 55 for the large jobs – for example when loading large amount of cartridges, but for everyday use I stick to Tanners powder dispenser.

    Ordering

    The dispenser can be ordered from Jeff Tanner and costs 50 USD, 25 GB or 40 Euros. Two bottles are included. He also makes affordable roundball moulds in all diameters, as well as patches and other black powder accessories.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more about black powder shooting in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.