Slaget ved Lugdunum ved dagens Lyon i Frankrike ble utkjempet mellom to gigantiske romerske hærstyrker under henholdsvis keiser Septimius Severus og tronraneren Clodius Albinus. Slaget sies å være det største og blodigste av alle kampene... Read more ...
Slaget ved Lugdunum
Slaget ved Lugdunum ved dagens Lyon i Frankrike ble utkjempet mellom to gigantiske romerske hærstyrker under henholdsvis keiser Septimius Severus og tronraneren Clodius Albinus.
Slaget sies å være det største og blodigste av alle kampene mellom romerske styrker. Historikeren Cassius Dio indikerer at mellom 300 000 og 150 000 mann deltok i slaget. Severus støttet seg på styrker fra de romerske provinsene Pannonia, Illyricum, Moesia og Dacia, mens Clodius' styrker hovedsakelig kom fra Britannia og Hispania.
Selv om hærene omtrent var jevnbyrdige var det keiser Severus som etter to dagers kamp kunne stå igjen som seierherre. Det var sannsynligvis kavaleriet hans som gjorde utslaget. Severus' seier konsoliderte keiserens makt over hele det romerske imperiet.
Clodius Albinus ble drept etter han flyktet inn til Lugdunum der han enten begikk selvmord eller ble drept. Liket ble halshogd og den triumferende Severus red over det nakne og hodeløse liket foran troppene sine.
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If you are thinking of purchasing a black powder rifle or pistol it may be smart to decide what you are going to use the weapon for before you buy it. Do you want to shoot patched roundballs or minié balls? Or perhaps both? This article provides you with some advice on what to choose.
Published: 24. September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
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You can learn more about muzzle-loading pistols and their use in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
Ardesa in Spain is one of the companies that manufacture cheap entry level replica black powder firearms. It is rumoured that Ardesa, marketed by Tradtions in the US, has improved their quality in later years. This should especially apply to flintlocks. Ardesa weapons are still cheaper than, for example, firearms from Davide Pedersoli. That being said, I wasn't expecting a quality firearm, but from other shooters I have heard that Ardesa firearms are quite accurate.
I ordered a cheap .45 calibre rifled flintlock Kentucky pistol from the Norwegian Ardesa importer. The pistol was ordered as a kit, which allowed me to shape the stock as I wanted. I regarded it as highly probable that I had to modify a finished pistol either way, so a kit would be perfect. Cheap replicas often have stocks with way too much wood on them which needs to be removed anyway.
Putting the kit together
The first shots
Finally, the day came when I could test fire the pistol. The lock looked ok, and a flash hole liner was installed. The Ardesa flash hole liner is coned from the outside, but I prefer liners that are coned from the outside, such as Jim Chambers's White Lightnin liner. A new and sharp flint was secured by the jaws of the cock, and I was ready.
Overall impression of the kit
- Positive: A cheap pistol that is reasonably accurate. Fast ignition. The frizzen seems to be properly hardened.
- Negative: Poor screws and fragile parts. Marks from the button rifling inside the barrel.