Den sør-amerikanske uavhengighetslederen Simón Bolívar gikk inn i Mérida i spissen for invasjonen av Venezuela. Han ble utropt til folkets befrier og inntok Caracas den 6. august. To dager senere erklærte han Venezuelas andre... Read more ...
Simón Bolívar invaderte Venezuela
Den sør-amerikanske uavhengighetslederen Simón Bolívar gikk inn i Mérida i spissen for invasjonen av Venezuela. Han ble utropt til folkets befrier og inntok Caracas den 6. august. To dager senere erklærte han Venezuelas andre republikk.
Etter utallige stridigheter måtte Bolívar flykte og fikk i 1815 beskyttelse på Jamaica. I 1817 vendte han med haitisk hjelp tilbake for å fortsette kampen. I 1819 lyktes han i å befri Venezuela. Deretter marsjerte han over fjellene til Colombia og beseiret spanjolene også der, hvoretter han proklamerte opprettelsen av republikken Gran Colombia (Colombia, Venezuela, Panama og Ecuador), med ham selv som president. Målet var likevel å befri hele Sør-Amerika fra spanjolenes åk.
I 1823 tok Bolívar kommandoen over invasjonen av Peru, og i september kom han til Lima med general Sucre. Den 6. august 1824 beseiret de sammen den spanske hær i slaget ved Junin. Den 9. desember tok Sucre den siste spanske befestning i slaget ved Ayacucho, og det spanske styre i Sør-Amerika var dermed opphørt.
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Cheap Spanish and Italian replica flintlock firearms have a rather poor reputation among serious black powder shooters. The frizzens are not properly hardened which results in little or no sparks, which again leads to misfires. This article shows my experiences with an Ardesa flinlock pistol kit.
Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 24. November 2007.
What is a Pritchett Bullet?
The Pritchett, or Metford-Pritchett, bullet was used in the .577" calibre family of muskets in the British army from the introduction of the P-1853 Enfield musket in 1853. Basically the Pritchett was a hollow based smooth sided conical bullet that was loaded paper patched in the musket. The diameter of the un-patched bullet was .568", but in 1858 the diameter was reduced to .550". It weighed 530 grains.
Most bullets of this type are called minié balls today. The US Army used a similar ball in their .58 calibre muskets, but this had grease grooves and was loaded without paper patching. However, a lot of Pritchett bullets saw service in the American Civil War. Huge amounts of cartridges with Pritchett bullets were imported from the trade in England, and confederate armouries produced many variations of the Pritchett.
What is the "Modern Pritchett Bullet Mould"?P-1856 and P-1858 Army Short Rifle plus several carbine variations had barrels rifled with this twist.This is a very slow twist for a heavy conical projectile. In 1858 the British Royal Navy adopted a two band rifle, the P-1858 Naval Rifle which had a five groove barrel and a 1 in 48" twist. The accuracy was superior compared to the three groove 1 in 78" twist rifles. The British Army adopted the 1 in 48" twist in their P-1860 and P-1861 Army Short Rifles. The P-1861 Cavalry Carbine and the P-1861 Artillery Carbine also had the new fast twist.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the history and use of British and American rifle muskets and the Pritchett and Minié balls in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The "Modern Pritchett Bullet" is made to stabilize better in slow twist muskets, both original and replica. It can also be used in the fast twist muskets. All .58 calibre muskets and rifles, such as the 1855, 1861 and 1863 Springfield, CS Richmond Musket, 1863 Remington ("Zouave") etc. can shoot this bullet.
- .568" diameter unpatched
- 450 grains
The price is $72 + shipping. Sold out!
Paper cartridges and paper patched bullets.