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29. May 1798

Mellom 300 og 500 ubevæpnede irske opprørere ble massakrert av britiske soldater ved Gibbet Rath etter at... Read more ...

Yesterday

28. May 1830

Indian Removal Act


29. May 1798

Gibbet Rath-massakren i Irland
Mellom 300 og 500 ubevæpnede irske opprørere ble massakrert av britiske soldater ved Gibbet Rath etter at de hadde overgitt seg mot et løfte om amnesti.

Det irske opprøret i 1798 var et opprør mot det britiske styret på Irland. Det varte i flere måneder. Hovedorganisatoren var United Irishmen, en republikansk og revolusjonær organisasjon, som var påvirket av idealer fra den amerikanske og den franske revolusjon. Det er også kjent som «Wolfe Tone-opprøret» etter en av de fremste lederne, Theobald Wolfe Tone.

28. May 1830


Indian Removal Act
Indian Removal Act var en lov som ble vedtatt i USA i 1830 som tvang indianerene som bodde øst for Mississippi-elven å flytte til områder vest for samme elv. Fordrivelsen er siden blitt kalt «Tårenes vei». Loven fikk direkte støtte blant ikke-indianere i Sørstatene som var ivrige etter å ta over deres eiendom.

Mens flyttingen i teorien var frivillig, ble det i realiteten lagt stort press på indianernes ledere om å underskrive avtalene. Den første avtalen om forflytning som ble undertegnet var «Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek» den 27. september 1830, hvor choctawene i Mississippi fikk land øst for elven i bytte mot betaling og land i vest. Neste avtale ble undertegnet i 1835, og førte til forflytning av cherokee-befolkningen på «Tårenes vei».

Seminolene og andre stammer lot seg ikke flytte på fredelig vis. Sammen med frigitte slaver motsatte de seg flytting. Den andre seminole-krigen varte fra 1835 til 1842, og førte til at regjeringen lot seminolene forbli i sumplandet i Florida. Bare en liten gruppe forble og omlag 3 000 ble drept i kriger mellom amerikanske soldater og seminolene.


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