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23 March 1716

Trefningen ved Gjellebekk ble utkjempet under Karl 12s første felttog i Norge i mars 1716. Dette var det lengste svenskekongen nådde under sin framrykning inn i Norge. De norske forsvarerne lagde en forsvarsstilling på veien mellom Christiania og... Read more ...

23 March 1716

Kamper ved Gjellebekk
Trefningen ved Gjellebekk ble utkjempet under Karl 12s første felttog i Norge i mars 1716. Dette var det lengste svenskekongen nådde under sin framrykning inn i Norge. De norske forsvarerne lagde en forsvarsstilling på veien mellom Christiania og Drammen, ikke bare for å stoppe svenskene, men også som en siste retrettsstilling der Norges skjebne skulle avgjøres.

Den 23. mars 1716 sendte den svenske krigerkongen en rekognoseringsavdeling på 600 dragoner i tre kompanier under oberst Dietrich Johan Löwenstierna for å få rede på hvor sterke de norske stillingene var og eventuelt finne ut om det fantes svakheter som kunne utsettes for et konsentrert angrep. Löwenstierna bestemte seg for et såkalt «voldelig rekognoseringstokt» for å kunne bedømme forsvarernes styrke og plassering i terrenget. Derfor stormred svenskene gjennom forpostene ved Ravensborg i Asker 20 km sørvest for Christiania. Etter å ha kommet videre fant de en framskutt norsk avdeling på 30 dragoner og sprengte den og drev de gjenværende på flukt inn i bakenforliggende stillinger.

Men Vesterlenkompaniet av 2. søndenfjelske dragonregiment holdt stand og fikk hjelp av tre kompanier som kom forsvarerne til unnsetning. Svenskene hadde fått øye på den sterke skansen, snudde under kampene som var uryddige og preget av stor forvirring. Löwenstierna mått trekke seg tilbake gjennom skogene og over veien i dyp snø. Inne i skogen ble de beskutt av en norsk skiløpertropp på 70 mann. Ute av stand til å forsvare seg var Löwenstierna og hans dragoner under ild i flere timer og mistet 19 mann og flere hester.




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    Featured article

      The Modern Pritchett Bullet

    • The Modern Pritchett Bullet

      Today none of the major bullet mould makers make copies of the original Pritchett bullets. The Prtichett bullet was a hollow based projectile that was used in British rifle muskets. They did not have grease grooves and thus had to be paper patched. I once had a batch of Pritchett moulds made at Lee Precision.

    What is Black Powder Shooting?

    Category: Miscellaneous
    Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25. November 2007.
    Views: 5268

    Bess

    Flintlock musket "by night". A spectacular sight, but many black powder weapons are accurate weapons as well.

    NM 2006

    The shooting range.

    The sport of black powder shooting is now spread all over Norway and the rest of the world. In the following I will describe what we black powder enthusiast are doing. The powder we use in our weapons is called black powder which is a mixture of charcoal, saltpetre and sulphur. It was invented by the Chinese over 1000 years ago and until the late 1880's it was the only powder used in firearms. The Chinese used the powder in fireworks, but it was soon discovered that it could be used for war purposes. The first known use of black powder in war dates back to 1247 when the defenders of Seville used a cannon loaded with rocks against the intruders. The powder that is used in modern hunting weapons, machine guns, shotguns etc. is called smokeless powder and became common in the late 1880's. During the first decades of the 20th century the use of black powder almost vanished. Black powder is still an important ingredient in the modern armies; the largest cannons on the biggest battleships still uses black powder! Smokeless powder makes shooting cleaner, as it produces very little fouling in the barrel, and it produces very small amounts of smoke and flames when fired. In other words extremely boring!

    2 Myths about Black powder Shooting

    • It is a terrible recoil in black powder weapons.
    • You won't hit a thing with them.

    JaktBoth statements are far from being true. Black powder burns slowly and isn't by far as powerful as the modern powders. As an example we can use the enormous size of the Norwegian chamber loader from the 1850's: It fires a .69 calibre slug, but the recoil feels the same as if you were firing a 20 gauge shotgun. In other words, nothing to be afraid of. Most black powder guns are heavy and thus absorbing most of the recoil. Most black powder arms can be made to shoot very good, but it is sometimes hard work. Different loads, bullets and lubes has to be tested to achieve the best possible accuracy. In my opinion that is why so many new shooters give up the sport. The lack of guidance makes people fed up. But, with a little experience you'll quickly find out how you'll get a gun to shoot well, sometimes you will make it shoot just as well as an average quality modern arm. My tip is to never give up! When I first started shooting black powder I was a constant menace to everything but the target I was aiming at. In Norway the black powder shooters are members of the Norwegian Black powder Union (NSU): www.svartkruttunion.org

    Find out more!
    The upcoming book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms is perhaps the world's most comprehensive guide to black powder shooting.