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29. September 1364

Slaget ved Auray var det avgjørende slaget i den bretonske arvefølgekrigen, som var en konflikt under... Read more ...

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28. September 1874

Slaget ved Palo Duro Canyon


29. September 1364

Slaget ved Auray
Slaget ved Auray var det avgjørende slaget i den bretonske arvefølgekrigen, som var en konflikt under hunfreårskrigen. Engelsk-bretagniske styrker under Johan av Montfort møtte en fransk-bretagniske hær under Karl av Blois.

Kampen begynte med en skuddveksling mellom franske armbrøstskyttere og engelske bueskyttere. Så gikk ridderne til kamp. Det ble en blodig batalje da begge sider ville få en avgjørelse på en konflikt som hadde dratt ut i tid. Dessuten hadde de stridende partene gitt instruksjoner om å ikke ta fanger. Det ble ikke vist nåde.

De engelsk-bretagniske avdelingene ble angrepet en etter en, men det ble fylt på med reserver. Til slutt måtte Karl av Blois' styrke gi opp. Karl ble drept av en engelsk soldat.

28. September 1874


Slaget ved Palo Duro Canyon
Slaget ved Palo Duro Canyon mellom den amerikanske hæren og en allianse av indianere fra kwahadi comanche-, kiowa-, cheyenne- og arapaho-stammene gjorde en slutt på Red River-krigen. Indianerne under kiowahøvdingen Lone Wolf (Ensomme ulv) hadde flyktet fra reservatet sent på sommeren samme år, og oberst Ranald S. Mackenzie og 4. kavaleriregiment tok opp forfølgelsen.

Ved Palo Duro Canyon i Texas Panhandle gikk soldatene overraskende til angrep. Selv om relativt få indianere ble drept, så tok Mackenzie hele indianernes vinterforråd og 1500–2000 indianerponnier som ble slaktet ned på stedet. Alle tipiene ble brent.

Tapet av ponniene og vinterforrådet gjorde at indianerne ikke kunne overleve på prærien og mange returnerte til reservatet ved Fort Sill innen november 1874. Lone Wolf (bildet) overga seg ikke før i februar 1875. Han ble senere deportert til Florida hvor han pådro seg malaria. Han døde i 1879.


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    What is Black Powder Shooting?

    Category: Miscellaneous
    Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25. November 2007.
    Views: 4782

    Bess

    Flintlock musket "by night". A spectacular sight, but many black powder weapons are accurate weapons as well.

    NM 2006

    The shooting range.

    The sport of black powder shooting is now spread all over Norway and the rest of the world. In the following I will describe what we black powder enthusiast are doing. The powder we use in our weapons is called black powder which is a mixture of charcoal, saltpetre and sulphur. It was invented by the Chinese over 1000 years ago and until the late 1880's it was the only powder used in firearms. The Chinese used the powder in fireworks, but it was soon discovered that it could be used for war purposes. The first known use of black powder in war dates back to 1247 when the defenders of Seville used a cannon loaded with rocks against the intruders. The powder that is used in modern hunting weapons, machine guns, shotguns etc. is called smokeless powder and became common in the late 1880's. During the first decades of the 20th century the use of black powder almost vanished. Black powder is still an important ingredient in the modern armies; the largest cannons on the biggest battleships still uses black powder! Smokeless powder makes shooting cleaner, as it produces very little fouling in the barrel, and it produces very small amounts of smoke and flames when fired. In other words extremely boring!

    2 Myths about Black powder Shooting

    • It is a terrible recoil in black powder weapons.
    • You won't hit a thing with them.

    JaktBoth statements are far from being true. Black powder burns slowly and isn't by far as powerful as the modern powders. As an example we can use the enormous size of the Norwegian chamber loader from the 1850's: It fires a .69 calibre slug, but the recoil feels the same as if you were firing a 20 gauge shotgun. In other words, nothing to be afraid of. Most black powder guns are heavy and thus absorbing most of the recoil. Most black powder arms can be made to shoot very good, but it is sometimes hard work. Different loads, bullets and lubes has to be tested to achieve the best possible accuracy. In my opinion that is why so many new shooters give up the sport. The lack of guidance makes people fed up. But, with a little experience you'll quickly find out how you'll get a gun to shoot well, sometimes you will make it shoot just as well as an average quality modern arm. My tip is to never give up! When I first started shooting black powder I was a constant menace to everything but the target I was aiming at. In Norway the black powder shooters are members of the Norwegian Black powder Union (NSU): www.svartkruttunion.org

    Find out more!
    The upcoming book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms is perhaps the world's most comprehensive guide to black powder shooting.