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31. July 1763

Slaget ved Bloody Run i nåværende Detroit i staten Michigan fant sted under Pontiacs opprør mellom... Read more ...

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30. July 1608

Samuel de Champlain drepte to irokeserhøvdinger


31. July 1763

Pontiac seiret ved Bloody Run
Slaget ved Bloody Run i nåværende Detroit i staten Michigan fant sted under Pontiacs opprør mellom Storbritannia og en løs konføderasjon av ulike indianerstammer. Det var britene som angrep indianernes leir, men indianerne hadde blitt advart og var derfor forberedt og klarte dermed å vinne kampen.

Pontiacs opprør var en krig i 1763 som ble startet av nordamerikanske indianere som var misfornøyd med britisk styre i De store sjøer-regionen etter britenes seier i den Den fransk-indianske krig (1754–1763). Krigere fra minst 14 stammer gikk til felles front for å drive britiske soldater og bosettere ut av regionen. Krigen ble oppkalt etter ottawahøvdingen Pontiac, den mest prominente av de mange høvdingene i konflikten. Ellers deltok blant annet indianere fra stammene objiwa, potawatomi, huron, miami, kickapoo, delaware, shawnee, wyandot og seneca.

Krigen begynte i mai 1763 da indianere, bekymret for tiltak iverksatt av den britiske generalen Jeffrey Amherst, angrep en rekke britiske fort og bosetninger. Åtte fort ble ødelagt, og hundrevis av kolonister drept eller fanget, med mange flere som rømte regionen. Stridene kom til ende etter at britiske militærekspedisjoner i 1764 tvang indianerne til fredsforhandlinger over de neste to årene. Indianerne klarte ikke å drive vekk britene, men opprøret fikk de britiske myndighetene til å modifisere politikken som hadde provosert fram konflikten.

30. July 1608


Samuel de Champlain drepte to irokeserhøvdinger
Den franske soldaten, navigatøren og oppdagelsesreisende Samuel de Champlain og hans eksepdisjon møtte en gruppe irokesere til kamp – sannsynligvis nær Ticonderoga i New York. Indianerstyrken skal ha vært på rundt 200 krigere og da de nærmet seg franskmennene pekte en av guidene hans ut tre av irokeserhøvdingene. de Champlain tok sikte med en arkebus og drepte to av dem med ett skudd, mens en av mennene hans drepte den tredje. Dette førte til at indianerne flyktet. Denne hendelsen satte tonen for det dårlige forholdet mellom irokeserne og franskmennene resten av hundreåret.

Samuel de Champlain hadde også stor innflytelse i åpningen for fransk handel til Nord-Amerika. Det er hans fortjeneste at det finnes fransk-canadiere den dag i dag. Han blir kalt «faren til Ny-Frankrike» fordi han viet sitt liv til å skape et fransk rike i Canada og kalte det Ny-Frankrike.


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Featured article

    Test of Lehigh Valley Patch Lubricant

  • Test of Lehigh Valley Patch Lubricant

    From time to time new black powder equipment surfaces which is marketed almost as revolutionary. Most often it turns out that the product does not keep to its promises. One of the products that have received much publicity in later years is called \'Lehigh Valley Patch Lubricant\'.

What is Black Powder Shooting?

Category: Miscellaneous
Published: 24. November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 25. November 2007.
Views: 4659

Bess

Flintlock musket "by night". A spectacular sight, but many black powder weapons are accurate weapons as well.

NM 2006

The shooting range.

The sport of black powder shooting is now spread all over Norway and the rest of the world. In the following I will describe what we black powder enthusiast are doing. The powder we use in our weapons is called black powder which is a mixture of charcoal, saltpetre and sulphur. It was invented by the Chinese over 1000 years ago and until the late 1880's it was the only powder used in firearms. The Chinese used the powder in fireworks, but it was soon discovered that it could be used for war purposes. The first known use of black powder in war dates back to 1247 when the defenders of Seville used a cannon loaded with rocks against the intruders. The powder that is used in modern hunting weapons, machine guns, shotguns etc. is called smokeless powder and became common in the late 1880's. During the first decades of the 20th century the use of black powder almost vanished. Black powder is still an important ingredient in the modern armies; the largest cannons on the biggest battleships still uses black powder! Smokeless powder makes shooting cleaner, as it produces very little fouling in the barrel, and it produces very small amounts of smoke and flames when fired. In other words extremely boring!

2 Myths about Black powder Shooting

  • It is a terrible recoil in black powder weapons.
  • You won't hit a thing with them.

JaktBoth statements are far from being true. Black powder burns slowly and isn't by far as powerful as the modern powders. As an example we can use the enormous size of the Norwegian chamber loader from the 1850's: It fires a .69 calibre slug, but the recoil feels the same as if you were firing a 20 gauge shotgun. In other words, nothing to be afraid of. Most black powder guns are heavy and thus absorbing most of the recoil. Most black powder arms can be made to shoot very good, but it is sometimes hard work. Different loads, bullets and lubes has to be tested to achieve the best possible accuracy. In my opinion that is why so many new shooters give up the sport. The lack of guidance makes people fed up. But, with a little experience you'll quickly find out how you'll get a gun to shoot well, sometimes you will make it shoot just as well as an average quality modern arm. My tip is to never give up! When I first started shooting black powder I was a constant menace to everything but the target I was aiming at. In Norway the black powder shooters are members of the Norwegian Black powder Union (NSU): www.svartkruttunion.org

Find out more!
The upcoming book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms is perhaps the world's most comprehensive guide to black powder shooting.